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Legal References for Victims and Witnesses

The difference between the work of the public prosecution and that of the police:

The public Prosecution: it is a branch of the judicial authority responsible for investigating, indicting and referring the accused to the competent court should they be involved in a crime. The public prosecution also follows up on the proceedings of cases in penal courts and supervises and monitors cases with the police, as well as executing decisions.

The police: it is an official body responsible for public security and order. It also implements the law as well as the instructions and decisions of the public prosecution in cases filed at the police or the public prosecution.

Procedures at the public prosecution:

After completing a case in terms of collecting evidence and bringing in the parties, the police refer the case file to the public prosecution which reviews the documents and verifies that procedures are properly followed. The public prosecution then either expands the investigation, when necessary, or refers the file to the conciliation court of the investigation is complete and sufficient evidence is available.

The public prosecution starts the investigation after giving the accused all the guarantees provided for in the Penal Procedures Law No. (3) of 2001, and prepares its evidence through the victim, witnesses and reports of the police officers in cases that require so.

The accused is referred to the court after preparing the indictment and trialed at the competent court.

​The public prosecution practices all its competencies in accordance with the investigation in terms of releasing the accused by bail, or detain them and present them to the court to duly decide on the period of detention.