The spread of crime requires us as good citizens and to protect our society to report crimes to the public prosecution or police in the event they witness or know of a crime or have been the victims of a crime as stipulated and regulated by the law. Article 24 of the Penal Procedures Code clarifies how to file a complaint to the public prosecution or the police, while article 25 clarifies how civil servants report a crime that took place during their duty and that they have to inform the competent authorities. This is considered a public contribution to achieving criminal justice and legal security stability.
How to report crimes:
The stipulates that all citizens shall report any acts that constitute crimes through contacting or going to the nearest police station, knowing that the Palestinian police provide a free contact number (100). This assists the public prosecution in investigating incidents and crimes, and in many cases revealing the perpetrators.
If a crime is committed against a minor in a governmental institution, the employee responsible for the minor must inform his department who, in turn, informs the public prosecution in order to investigate the incident as soon as possible, because refraining from reporting the crime is considered concealment which is a violation of the law. Civil servants who do not report such crimes are held liable in accordance with article 25 if the Palestinian penal procedures code.
Reporting crimes and giving statements at the police:
When any person reports a crime he witnesses, knows or has been the victim of to the police, the police will take his statement after they take his personal information: name, ID Card number and social status. They then open a file without him having to take oath. He states the facts he knows and everything he says is recorded. The person giving the statement may review it before signing it, and he may express any objections regarding what is recorded and refuse signing the statement if it includes information he didn't say. The police officer taking the statement is obliged to read what is written to the witness before it is signed. Investigators shall not force or pressure witnesses to say anything and shall not affect them in any form. The information given by the witness is confidential and shall not be published or given to anyone except for the public prosecution. The testimony provided by the person may be used as evidence at the court, and the witness has the right to know the name and position of the investigator.
When the witness or informant provide the statement, they are supposed to state all the facts they know of without any addition or omission, because addition or omission will lead to not revealing the truth and will affect the rights of others. It is considered a crime punished by the law and a false statement as stipulated in articles (209, 210, 211, 214, 217 and 215) of the Penal Law.
Any persons who know of the intent of other persons to commit certain crimes, such as felonies and misdemeanors that do not require a complaint, and do not inform the police or the public prosecution of that are held liable by the law.