Public Prosecution Role
The Public Prosecution is an institution that acts on behalf
of the society in the proper application of the provisions of the law. The work
of the Palestinian Public Prosecution differs from that of its counterparts in
the Arab World in that it has the power to investigate, make accusations, and litigate
representing public right or the government before the competent courts. In accordance
with the law, the Public Prosecution has the exclusive power to conduct a penal
action aiming at maintaining security in the society and keep it strong through
establishing the rule of law principle and equality among citizens.
The tasks of the Public Prosecution have been developing
since the establishment of the Palestinian National Authority. It started as
the body that is legally authorized and capable of protecting the Palestinian society
through performing its duty in the best manner and necessary speed that achieve
the guarantees provided for the accused in the law.
Law No. 1 of 2002 on the Judicial Authority regulates the work
of the Public Prosecution, detailing the provisions in the judicial authority
chapter in the amend Palestinian Basic Law of 2003. Both laws establish the
principle of administrative and judicial independence of the Public Prosecution
in line with the work of both the judicial and executive authorities.